Why Is 18 the Legal Age for Marriage in the Philippines

Why Is 18 the Legal Age for Marriage in the Philippines

  • 12 décembre 2022
  • Publié par amen

To end child marriage, ongoing programmes and investments to support victims and develop a human rights base in the Philippines will be key to ensuring that women and girls can thrive. The historic passage of a law banning child marriage in the Philippines, passed on Thursday, hopes to reverse the cultural trend on whether marriage, relationships and sexual relations with people under 18 are cultural practice or legal rape. Although the law is seen as a great victory, the fight still raises the age of consent in the country from 12 to 16 and urges the government to enforce it more vigorously, while revamping cultural ethics in a country full of gender inequality and long-standing practice of adult men meeting or marrying young girls. The fee must be confirmed to the local registrar at the time of application for a marriage certificate. The fee for a marriage certificate can be waived if the applicant couple has financial problems that make it difficult to pay. The Philippines is committed to the ASEAN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women and Violence against Children (2013), which recognizes the importance of strengthening ASEAN`s efforts to protect children from all forms of violence, including early marriage. With this new law banning child, early and forced marriage, World Vision hopes that more Filipino children will be able to live their wanted and intended lives to the fullest. Under the new law, the Ministry of Education will develop a sexuality education curriculum that includes culturally sensitive modules and discussions on the impact of child marriage to change social norms and attitudes. In addition, the law directs other government agencies to develop programmes and campaigns to raise awareness of the impact of child marriage and protect victims. This is a crucial development for children, as the country currently has the 12th highest rate of child marriage in the world.

In the Philippines, one in six girls is married before the age of 18. The abolition of this widespread practice is an essential step in ensuring the rights and safety of children in the country. As UNFPA reported in 2019, the Ministry of Health and the Commission on Population and Development, with technical support from UNFPA, are developing a fatwa (a legal opinion on a point of Islamic law) that will prevent early marriage. The Commission on Population and Development is also working with religious leaders and other elders to raise awareness of the upcoming fatwa. Although many laws have been passed throughout the year to combat this, cultural norms and lack of enforcement need to change. A law against sexual relations with child prostitutes was passed in 1992, the law against rape was passed in 1997, a law against possession or production of child pornography was passed in 2009, and laws on child trafficking were passed in 2013. Now, the child marriage law passed this week will hopefully soon be complemented by the Age of Consent Raising Act, which has been passed by the Senate and awaits the president`s signature. The National Commission on Filipino Muslims (NCMF), as one of the law implementers, is responsible for raising awareness among Muslim communities about the impact of child marriage on children. Worldwide, 12 million girls are married before the age of 18 each year.

[1] Despite the recent decline in their prevalence, the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on families has put children – especially girls – at greater risk of being forced into marriage to make ends meet. Congratulations on your commitment! Now that you`re engaged, it`s time to start planning the wedding. The first step is to take care of legality and paperwork. Tasting cakes and trying on wedding outfits is much more exciting, but legalization is important and needs to be done right. We have put together a guide that covers all the details of what it takes to marry a Filipino. « Child, early and forced marriage robs adolescent girls (and boys) of their childhood and drags them further into a deep cycle of poverty and violence that has devastating and lasting effects on their overall well-being. Child marriage is clearly a violation of children`s right to protection and human rights, » said Jezreel Domingo, Child Protection Officer for World Vision in the Philippines. « Republic Act 11596 is a great asset to protect Filipino children and a great step towards a safer Philippines so that girls and boys can enjoy their childhood, » Domingo added. Two adult witnesses are required to accompany you both to the local clerk. The facts presented to us indicate that a ceremonial marriage was performed by a U.S.

Army chaplain in the Philippines on July 14, 1933. The bride, Elena M~, who is now applying for Social Security benefits as a surviving divorced wife, claimed at the time that she was 18 years and 2 months old. His date of birth was May 1915. His date of birth is 16 September 1915; As a result, she was only 17 years and 10 months old when she got married. The husband, John M~, divorced Japan on February 18, 1959. He died on September 21, 1971. The applicant does not know or acknowledge that a divorce has taken place. The Philippines has committed to eliminating child, early and forced marriage by 2030, in line with Sustainable Development Goal 5.3.

Child marriage is a human rights violation that can mean lifelong suffering not only for young girls, but also for their children. Girls who marry before the age of 18 are less likely to stay in school and are more likely to experience domestic violence and abuse. Compared to 20-year-old women, they are also more likely to die from complications during pregnancy and childbirth. If they survive pregnancy and childbirth, the likelihood of their infants being stillborn or dying in the first month of life is quite high. Children can be married at age 16 or younger in 35 states, including nine states where there is no minimum age, according to Unchained at Last. Nearly 300,000 children were legally married in the United States between 2000 and 2018, mostly girls married to adult men. Humanitarian facilities can include a variety of situations before, during, and after natural disasters, conflicts, and epidemics. They exacerbate poverty, insecurity and lack of access to services such as education, factors that drive all child marriage. In the case of the Philippines, the country is severely exposed to various natural disasters, exacerbated by armed conflicts between the government and armed groups. In a victory for children`s health, safety and human rights, the Philippines has enacted a new law designed to prevent and end child marriage.

Although President Rodrigo Duterte signed the law on December 10, 2021, it was not released by Malacañang until January 6, 2022. Internal conflict and displacement: Displacement in the Bangsamoro region (most recently in 2015) has led to a number of cases of child marriage, with families in evacuation centres viewing their daughters` marriage as a coping mechanism due to economic instability, fear of violence, and the need to maintain « family honour ». During the 2017 Marawi siege crisis, a survey by Plan International found that early and forced marriage was a common form of violence against girls in evacuation zones, and that many girls were forced to marry their attackers in cases of sexual violence. The facilitation and celebration of child marriage and the cohabitation of an adult with a child born out of wedlock are considered public offences under the law, so prosecution can be initiated by any person concerned. The Basic Law, which governed marriage in the Philippines on July 14, 1933, was the Marriage Act, Act No. 3613 of December 4, 1929, which entered into force on June 4, 1930. According to the provisions of this law, the essential conditions for a valid marriage were capacity to marry, consent and formalities at the time of solemnization.